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Special Status Species of the Indian River Lagoon

Key to Listing Status

E Endangered: According to the Endangered Species Act of 1973, any species which is in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range.
T Threatened: According to the Endangered Species Act of 1973, any species which is likely to become an endangered species within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its range.
T1 Threatened due to similarity of appearance
CE Commercially Exploited
SSC Florida State Species of Special Concern

Note: These species are listed by the Florida Fish & Wildlife Conservation Commission under one or more of the following criteria:

1: Species has a significant vulnerability to habitat modification, environmental alteration, human disturbance, or human exploitation which, in the foreseeable future, may result in its becoming a threatened species unless appropriate protective or management techniques are initiated or maintained.

2: Species may already meet certain criteria for designation as a threatened species, but for which conclusive data are limited or lacking.

3: Species may occupy such an unusually vital or essential ecological niche that, should it decline significantly in numbers or distribution, other species would be adversely affected to a significant degree.

4: Species has not sufficiently recovered from past population depletion.

5: Species occurs as a population either intentionally introduced or being experimentally managed to attain specific objectives, and the species of special concern prohibitions in Rule 68A-27.002, F.A.C., shall not apply to species so designated, provided that the intentional killing, attempting to kill, posession or sale of such species is prohibited.

Species Name Common Name FL State & US Federal Status

Plants

Acrostichum aureumGolden Leather Fern,
Mangrove Fern, Swamp
Fern
FL State Status: T; US Federal Status: ---
Argusia gnaphalodes FL State Status: E; US Federal Status: ---
Asimina tetrameraFour-petal Pawpaw,
Fourpetaled Pawpaw
FL State Status: E; US Federal Status: E
Cladonia perforataCup Lichen FL State Status: E; US Federal Status: E
Conradina grandifloraLarge-flowered
Rosemary,
Largeflower False
Rosemary, Scrub Mint
FL State Status: T; US Federal Status: ---
Dicerandra immaculataLakela's Mint,
Olga's Mint,
Spotless Balm,
Spotless-petaled
Balm
FL State Status: E; US Federal Status: E
Halophila johnsoniiJohnson's Seagrass FL State Status: ---; US Federal Status: T
Harrisia fragransCaribbean Apple
Cactus
FL State Status: E; US Federal Status: E
Opuntia strictaErect Pricklypear
Cactus, Prickly Pear
FL State Status: T; US Federal Status: ---
Osmunda regalisRoyal Fern FL State Status: CE; US Federal Status: ---
Polygala smalliiTiny Milkwort, Tiny
Polygala
FL State Status: E; US Federal Status: E
Tillandsia balbisianaNorthern Needleleaf FL State Status: T; US Federal Status: ---
Tillandsia fasciculataGiant Airplant FL State Status: E; US Federal Status: ---
Tillandsia utriculataSpreading Airplant FL State Status: E; US Federal Status: ---
Warea carteriCarter's Mustard,
Carter's
Pinelandcress,
Carter's Warea
FL State Status: E; US Federal Status: E

Fishes

Acipenser brevirostrumLake Sturgeon
(gilbert, 1989),
Pinkster, Salmon
Sturgeon, Shortnose
Sturgeon
FL State Status: E; US Federal Status: E
Pristis pectinataSmalltooth Sawfish,
Wide Sawfish
FL State Status: E; US Federal Status: E
Rivulus marmoratus FL State Status: SSC 1; US Federal Status: ---

Reptiles & Amphibians

Alligator mississippiensisAmerican Alligator FL State Status: SSC 1, 3; US Federal Status: T1
Caretta carettaLoggerhead Sea
Turtle
FL State Status: T; US Federal Status: T
Chelonia mydasGreen Sea Turtle FL State Status: E; US Federal Status: E
Crocodylus acutusAmerican Crocodile FL State Status: E; US Federal Status: T
Dermochelys coriaceaLeatherback Sea
Turtle
FL State Status: E; US Federal Status: E
Drymarchon couperiEastern Indigo
Snake, Eastern
Indigo Snake, Indigo
Snake
FL State Status: T; US Federal Status: T
Eretmochelys imbricataHawksbill Sea Turtle FL State Status: E; US Federal Status: E
Gopherus polyphemusGopher Tortoise FL State Status: T; US Federal Status: ---
Lepidochelys kempiiKemp's Ridley Sea
Turtle
FL State Status: E; US Federal Status: E
Lithobates capitoGopher Frog FL State Status: SSC 1, 2; US Federal Status: ---
Macrochelys temminckiiAlligator Snapping
Turtle
FL State Status: SSC 1; US Federal Status: ---
Nerodia clarkii taeniataAtlantic Salt Marsh
Snake
FL State Status: T; US Federal Status: T
Pituophis melanoleucus mugitusFlorida Pine Snake FL State Status: SSC 2; US Federal Status: ---

Birds

Ajaia ajaiaRoseate Spoonbill FL State Status: SSC 1, 4; US Federal Status: ---
Aphelocoma coerulescensScrub Jay FL State Status: T; US Federal Status: T
Aramus guaraunaLimpkin FL State Status: SSC 1; US Federal Status: ---
Athene cuniculariaBurrowing Owl FL State Status: SSC 1; US Federal Status: ---
Campephilus principalisIvory-billed
Woodpecker
FL State Status: E; US Federal Status: E
Caracara cheriwayCrested Caracara FL State Status: T; US Federal Status: T
Charadrius melodusPiping Plover FL State Status: T; US Federal Status: T
Egretta caeruleaLittle Blue Heron FL State Status: SSC 1, 4; US Federal Status: ---
Egretta rufescensMuffle-jaw Egret,
Peale’s Egret,
Plume Bird, Reddish
Egret
FL State Status: SSC 1, 4; US Federal Status: ---
Egretta thulaSnowy Egret FL State Status: SSC 1; US Federal Status: ---
Egretta tricolorLouisiana Heron,
Tricolored Heron
FL State Status: SSC 1, 4; US Federal Status: ---
Eudocimus albusWhite Ibis FL State Status: SSC 2; US Federal Status: ---
Falco sparverius paulusSoutheastern
American Kestrel
FL State Status: T; US Federal Status: ---
Grus canadensis pratensisFlorida Sandhill
Crane
FL State Status: T; US Federal Status: ---
Haematopus palliatusAmerican
Oystercatcher
FL State Status: SSC 1, 2; US Federal Status: ---
Leuconotopicus borealisRed-cockaded
Woodpecker
FL State Status: SSC; US Federal Status: E
Mycteria americanaWood Stork FL State Status: E; US Federal Status: E
Pelecanus occidentalisAmerican Brown
Pelican, Brown
Pelican, Common
Pelican
FL State Status: SSC 1; US Federal Status: ---
Rostrhamus sociabilis plumbeusEverglade Snail Kite FL State Status: E; US Federal Status: E
Rynchops nigerBlack Skimmer FL State Status: SSC 1; US Federal Status: ---
Setophaga kirtlandiiKirtland's Warbler FL State Status: E; US Federal Status: E
Sterna antillarum FL State Status: T; US Federal Status: ---
Sterna dougalliiRoseate Tern FL State Status: T; US Federal Status: T

Mammals

Oryzomys palustris natatorRice Rat FL State Status: E; US Federal Status: ---
Peromyscus polionotus niveiventrisSoutheastern Beach
Mouse
FL State Status: T; US Federal Status: T
Podomys floridanusFlorida Mouse FL State Status: SSC 1; US Federal Status: ---
Trichechus manatus latirostrisFlorida Manatee FL State Status: E; US Federal Status: E
Ursus americanus floridanusFlorida Black Bear FL State Status: T; US Federal Status: ---

References

CITES. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. Food & Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Endangered Species Act of 1973. Public Law 93-205. United States Environmental Protection Agency.

Endangered & Threatened Species in Florida. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Species Reports. Environmental Conservation Online System.

Florida Regulated Plant Index. 5B-40.0055. Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services. Division of Plant Industry.

Florida's Endangered & Threatened Species List. May 2011. Florida Fish & Wildlife Conservation Commission.

Florida's Federally Listed Plant Species. Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services. Florida Forest Service.